Pus Cells In Urine

The Significance Of Pus Cells In Urine

Pus cells in urine represent an abnormality, though not necessarily a serious one. Pus cells in urine are actually white blood cells, and dead white blood cells at that. When we cut ourselves and the cut becomes infected, white blood cells are rushed to the site of the wound to combat the bacteria that are present. When pus appears, what we are seeing are white blood cells.

Blood And Urine Kept Separate In The Kidneys - The presence of white blood cells or pus cells therefore signifies an infection of some sort is present. The significance of white blood cells in urine lies in the fact that blood and urine normally never come into contact with one another in our body. Waste matter and toxins are collected in the blood stream. As the blood passes through the kidneys, this waste matter, together with water, is filtered out, and the liquid filtered out is urine. Urine from the kidneys is then collected in the bladder until elimination. The kidneys do not allow any blood that has been filtered to pass into the urinary tract, but instead the now-cleansed blood is channeled back into the bloodstream. None of the blood, red blood cells or white blood cells, would ever be excreted by the kidneys into the urinary tract under normal conditions.

Pus cells in urine therefore can only mean one of two things. Either there is a problem with the kidneys, such as a kidney infection or the presence of kidney stones and the kidneys are not functioning normally, or there is an infection somewhere in the urinary tract, quite possibly in the bladder, and pus in urine is coming from the infected site or area.

 A Bladder Infection Is Usually The Culprit - When pus cells in urine are discovered in the course of urinalysis, the first thing that is generally looked for is a bladder infection, as this is the most common cause.  If the bladder is found not to be infected and there is no infection to be found elsewhere in the urinary tract, the urethra, or the ureter, the kidneys then become suspect and further tests may be required. A kidney infection can become quite a bit more serious than a urinary tract infection (UTI), the latter being quite common.

UTI is much more common in women than in men, although the reason for this is not fully understood. Pregnant women especially seem more susceptible to such an infection. UTI is rather rare in children, with perhaps one in every one hundred contracting some form of the disease.

Urine Testing And Urinalysis Results - A urine test and urinalysis is a quick and efficient way to help in early detection of a number of diseases, including UTI, liver or kidney disease, and the early stages of diabetes. Providing a urine sample is therefore a regular part of most annual physical check ups. It usually happens without fail that we have already urinated before visiting the doctor's office and are therefore worried that we cannot fill the specimen glass or jar. In the first place, a specimen that does not represent the first passage of urine during the day will usually give more accurate results. Secondly, to run a urinalysis, only a teaspoon or two of urine is required, and not a jar full. During the urinalysis the specimen is spun in a centrifuge, and then examined for pus cells in urine and a number of other things as well. Should your sample contain pus, the odds are quite good that your problem is a simple bladder infection, easily treated with antibiotics. Even if something more serious is present, early detection can often make treatment easier and more effective.