The Dangers Of Having An Ovary Infection
An ovary infection, commonly referred to as pelvic inflammatory disease is a popular and unfortunate cause of infertility. Traditionally, this begins as some type of sexually transmitted disease such as chlamydia or gonorrhea and then progresses. This infection may cause some cervical discharge or it may be relatively asymptomatic.
If the bacteria travels into the fallopian tubes and uterus, the infection will often cause the individual a substantial amount of severe pain due to the accumulation of pus. If the ovary infection is caught early enough, antibiotics can be prescribed to reduce the chance of any further damage from taking place. However, the body has a normal defense mechanism that it undergoes in an attempt to control the infection by containing it in an abscess.
When this happens, there are two ways that the abscess can be resolved being with the assistance of antibiotics or completely naturally healed by the body. The abscess cavity will either become sterilized so that the fluid is eventually cleared, resulting in the abscess going away or there is a rupture of the abscess that takes place which spreads the infection that then turns into additional abscesses.
An ovary infection creates huge fertility concerns for the individual because once the bacteria gains access to the fallopian tubes and uterus, a serious amount of damage can take place in a very short amount of time. If antibiotics or the woman's immune system does not put a stop to the spread of the bacteria, the inside of the tubes are depleted of their lining.
Bacteria, fluid and white blood cells form in the fallopian tube because the body is working to keep the infection contained. If the tube becomes filled up with pus, even after antibiotics, the lining is so denuded that they will often stick together. When this happens, a blockage occurs which will later block eggs and sperm from uniting. Since this is where the egg and sperm traditionally meet for a standard pregnancy, the destroyed lining makes it nearly impossible for fertility to take place.
If the abscess happens to leak from the opposite end of the fallopian tube, there is a good chance that the ovary will stick to the tube and then form a larger abscess cavity. When this occurs, fertility is completely obliterated due to the ovary, as well as the eggs, being destroyed because of the ovary infection.
An ovary infection that leads to a tubo-ovarian abscess can be the result of a few other causes other than a sexually transmitted disease. Additional causes include:
- Complications that occur after any type of pelvic surgery
- Uterine perforation during any vaginal uterine procedure such as a D & C
- Ruptured appendicitis that causes bowel perforation
- Ruptured diverticulitis that results in bowel perforation
- Pelvic malignancy
If an ovary infection has resulted in a tubo-ovarian abscess, timely and accurate treatment is extremely important. Even though bacteria from a sexually transmitted disease is the primary cause, the abscess cavity has to be thought of and treated as a mixed type of infection with many varieties of bacteria. A significant amount of the bacteria also comes from the bowel tract that is due to transmigration from the inflamed bowel wall that is close to the abscess. This bacteria also has to be taken into consideration during treatment.
When an ovary infection does not see an improvement within 72 hours, surgical drainage is necessary. This is typically performed with X-ray guidance using a vaginal needle drainage technique. If this method is unsuccessful then surgery options need to be explored of removing the infected tissues. An infection in the ovary is a serious health concern and medical treatment must be received immediately.