Iron Sucrose

What Is An Iron Sucrose Injection?

A product you may be hearing more about lately is iron sucrose but if you are like most people, you probably have no idea what it is or who it is good for.  Simply put, it is an injection full of iron which happens to be a very important mineral that your body needs, that some people lack.

Iron plays a few key roles in the function of your body, primarily, it transports oxygen in your blood.  These types of injections treat iron deficiencies such as anemia which is crucial for individuals who have kidney disease.  Although this is the primary reason that it is used, an iron sucrose injection may be prescribed for people with other medical conditions as well.

Who Should Not Take It?

An individual who has an abundance of iron already in their body or those who have anemia that is not a result of an iron deficiency should not take iron sucrose.  Although the FDA has labeled this product as a category B for pregnant mothers and it is suggested that it will cause no harm to an unborn baby, it is still recommended to tell your doctor if you are pregnant or if you suspect that you could be pregnant.  It has not been fairly evaluated to determine whether it is passed through breast milk to a baby either.  You should talk to your doctor prior to receiving an iron sucrose injection if you are breastfeeding.

You should know that there have been severe and sometimes even fatal cases of allergic reactions.  Symptoms have included collapse, loss of consciousness, convulsions and difficulty breathing.  Others have reported having a very low blood pressure after receiving injections.  This medication must only be administered under a healthcare professional's direct supervision.

Use And Storage

An iron sucrose injection should only be given by a doctor or other qualified medical care provider.    While patients do, on occasion, keep their supply stored in their home, they are never meant to be self-injected.

The injection is given through intravenous into the dialysis line.  It may decrease absorption capabilities of other oral iron preparations.  If you are taking any over-the-counter drugs or prescription medications, you need to discuss these with your doctor for possible interactions.  Depending on your condition, doses are given anywhere from one to three times per week.

Injections should always be stored at room temperature and always kept away from heat and moisture.  Never freeze iron sucrose!  This medication must be kept away from children as an accidental iron overdose in a child is often fatal.  Overdose symptoms in children as well as adults are headache, dizziness, vomiting, nausea, muscle and abdominal pain, joint aches, swelling and a prickling, tingling or burning feeling.  If you have had an injection and feel that you could have an accidental overdose, it is imperative that you see medical treatment immediately.

Side Effects

Many people do experience less serious side effects such as fainting, dizziness, vomiting, nausea, headache, diarrhea and cramps, especially in the legs.  Always discontinue use and speak with your doctor about any side effects that you feel are bothersome.


Drug Interactions

Iron sucrose is known to decrease the rate at which other oral drugs are absorbed by your body.  Always make sure to speak with your doctor about all medications or drugs that you take, even recreational ones.

There are no written restrictions regarding beverages, food or other activities while you are receiving injections however, your doctor will strongly advise against smoking cigarettes or drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.  It is important that you are always honest with any answers that you give your doctor so that your injections can be properly monitored.  While iron sucrose injections can be very beneficial, they can also be deadly.