A Scarcity Of Hyperlipidemia Symptoms
The first thing of note regarding hyperlipidemia symptoms is that in most cases of the disorder, there are no symptoms present. The worst case scenario is one where if a symptom does become evident it often is in the form or a heart attack or a stroke. There are a few hyperlipidemia symptoms which are sometime apparent however, although in most cases the condition is first noted and later controlled based upon blood tests.
We don't often hear the term hyperlipidemia, even from our doctor when we have the disorder. Most often the condition is referred to as having “elevated cholesterol levels”. When we have high cholesterol levels we usually feel no symptoms unless there is a plaque buildup in the arteries due to the cholesterol, and we begin to feel symptoms such as shortness of breath or angina.
Hyperlipidemia Symptoms - It would be a little reassuring if there were define hyperlipidemia symptoms, especially for those who do not undergo annual physical checkups. When one suffers a stroke or heart attack it's a little late to take preventive measures. Sometimes however there are symptoms of the disorder, where plaques of cholesterol appear in the skin, usually around the eyes, and tendons of the hands, and even in the Achilles tendons. These are small pimple-like fatty deposits called xanthomas.
Hyperlipidemia Defined - The term hyperlipidemia basically means an excess of fats, or lipids, in the blood, and more than cholesterol can be involved. A lipid, being a fatty substance, does not dissolve in water, thus excessive amounts can accumulate, causing problems. Besides cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids are lipids and are capable of causing problems when in excess.
Since hyperlipidemia symptoms are seldom present, the only real way to tell if there is an impending problem is through health exams and blood level measurements. Hyperlipidemia is often the result of one's life style, especially one's dietary habits, but a lack of exercise and an overweight condition can also contribute to the condition. The lifestyle causes are something that can be managed or controlled, at least to a degree. Hyperlipidemia can also be based on genetics, so following a healthy lifestyle may not be enough for some people. Fortunately the condition can usually be managed successfully by medication.
HDL and LDL - In themselves, lipids are necessary as they provide fuel for the cells in our body. Proteins carry these lipids through the bloodstream, the better known being high density lipoproteins (HDL) and low density lipoproteins (LDL), often referred to as "good cholesterol” and "bad cholesterol", respectively. Heart patients often rely on medications such as statins, niacin, and fibrates to keep the cholesterol levels in check and prevent hyperlipidemia from occurring.
Conditions With Lengthy Names - While heart patients concentrate primarily on cholesterol levels since an excess, called hypercholesterolemia, is responsible for clogged arteries leading to the heart and clogged veins in the legs, the triglyceride levels need to be kept in check as well. Triglycerides are the most abundant of the fats in the blood, and elevated levels can cause pancreatic problems and other serious conditions. An excessive level of triglycerides is called hypertriglyceridemia. Most doctors will usually simply tell you that your triglycerides are too high.
Lifestyle choices that can lead to hyperlipidemia problems include smoking and alcohol consumption as well as the aforementioned dietary habits. Junk food, fatty foods, and any food containing saturated fats or trans-fats should be avoided as much as possible. Some systemic diseases also contribute to lipid level imbalances. The most important thing to remember is that there will usually be an absence of any hyperlipidemia symptoms to tell you there is a potential problem developing.